What Bug Is That? The guide to Australian insect families.

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All described Australian Nicoletiinae belong in Trinemura (Smith 1988).


Eyes absent; body with or without scales, white or golden.


Trinemura novaehollandiae is recorded from under stones and in caves in W.A., T. excelsa from under stones and logs in S.A., and T. norfolkensis from leaf litter on Norfolk Is. T. russendenensis and T. anemone have been found only in caves, in Qld and N.S.W. respectively. Other nicoletiines, as yet undetermined, are known from Kangaroo Is., Qld and the N.T. Mature males of Trinemura often have enlarged pedicels, with projecting processes. Males of T. anemone , T. norfolkensis and an undescribed species from the N.T. have unusual, anemone-like processes on the inner, proximal surface of each cercus.

Six genera of Atelurinae (7 described species, several undescribed) are recorded from Australia. All species are small, up to 3-7 mm long. Allatelura hilli is associated with Mastotermes darwiniensis in northern Australia and, perhaps, with Coptotermes acinaciformis in the N.T. Gastrotheus disjunctus has been collected with termites in S.A. and W.A., but undetermined Gastrotheus have been collected with ants or termites. Species of Atopatelura seem to predominate in southern areas, including Tas., and occur in both ant and termite nests. The host of Atelurodes similatus is unknown, although an undetermined Atelurodes lives with the ant Myrmecia brevinoda . An undescribed genus and species occurs with Coptotermes brunneus in W.A., and another undescribed genus occurs with Schedorhinotermes actuosus and Armitermes vitosus in Qld.

  • Atopatelura michaelseni , female, dorsal

  • Trinemura excelsa , male, dorsal