What Bug Is That? The guide to Australian insect families.

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The moths, which often have metallic scales, fly in sunshine and rest on flowers. The larvae are leaf- and petiole-miners in trees and shrubs, finally cutting out flat, oval cases from the mine, which either drop to the ground or are attached on the host or elsewhere before pupation. Hoplophanes (20 spp.), with wingspan up to 16 mm, contains the largest heliozelids. Heliozela , with many Australian species, often mines young terminal leaves of Eucalyptus . Antispila , with few species in eastern Australia, mines leaves of Cissus .


Small to very small, wingspan 3.0mm in smallest Australian species; head smooth-scaled in all Australian species, often shining; labrum usually without spinose pilifers; antennae short; proboscis long, longer than labial palps; maxillary palps minute, 5-segmented or reduced; fore wing with or without microtrichia, 1A+2A coalescent from base in all Australian species; hind wing without cross-vein M-CuA, pseudofrenular bristles often modified. Larva apodous in all instars, prolegs on segments 4--6 sometimes represented by crochets; head with 2 stemmata on each side. Pupa with appendages not glued to body, maxillary palps absent, abdominal terga with fine dorsal spines.