What Bug Is That? The guide to Australian insect families.

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The family is well represented in Australia where all three subfamilies occur, and the fauna contains several tribes regarded as primitive (Horak and Brown, in press). The large subfamily Tortricinae is most abundant in southern Australia, while the other large subfamily, the Olethreutinae, is more diverse in northern Australia. The Chlidanotinae are represented by few species.


Small; head vestiture usually short, rough, frons in upper half with usually long scales directed forwards, with short upwardly directed scales in lower half; ocelli usually present; chaetosemata present; antenna usually filiform; proboscis naked; maxillary palps small, 4- to 1-segmented; labial palps short to long, usually porrect, rarely upturned; epiphysis present; spurs 0-2-4; hind tibiae sometimes with modified scales; fore wing often with costal fold in male, retinaculum on Sc in male, pterostigma normally absent, chorda and M-stem sometimes present in cell, CuP usually present at least distally, 1A + 2A with prominent fork; hind wing broad, often with cubital pecten at base of CuA, female frenulum of 3 bristles, CuP usually present distally; abdomen unspined dorsally, S2 apodemes tortricoid, segment 8 in males sometimes with coremata, segment 7 in female sometimes with dense, deciduous scaling (corethrogyne). Eggs usually flat, scale-like, laid singly, in small groups, or in imbricate masses, sometimes covered with corethrogyne scales (Powell and Common 1985). Larva with prothoracic shield and pinacula often sclerotised, crochets uni-, bi- or triordinal in complete circle, an anal fork with straight prongs often present above anus; prothoracic L group trisetose, L1 and L2 adjacent on abdominal segments 1-8, often on same pinaculum; joining leaves or shoots, rarely leaf-mining (usually in early instars), or tunnelling in flower spikes, fruits, stems or galls. Pupa with 2 transverse rows of dorsal spines usually present on abdominal segments 3-7, head often with spine, posterior end usually with warts or with cremaster and hooked setae; in larval shelter, protruded at ecdysis.

  • Ancylis artifica